What you have here due to blunt force is the fill coat and gloss resin has separated from the lamination and fiberglass, along with other cracks. The board likely will take on water. Best thing to do is sand it some to roughen it up and re fill, etc., etc. The white fiberglass fibers will wet back out some with resin, but not completely likely.
In a pinch you could use a sticker to cover it or clear packing take. High quality stickers and tape will hold.
Get a nose guard.